Definition: Dyslexia is a lifelong brain-based type of learning disability (language processing disorder) that can hinder reading, writing, spelling, and sometimes even speaking despite effective instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. Students identified as having dyslexia typically experience primary difficulties in phonological awareness, including phonemic awareness and manipulation, single-word reading, reading fluency, and spelling. Consequences may include difficulties in reading comprehension and/or written expression.
The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:
- Difficulty reading words in isolation
- Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words
- Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored)
- Difficulty spelling
Formal Evaluation: When signs and characteristics of dyslexia are clearly observed, a formal evaluation needs to be conducted by licensed dyslexia assessment personnel with the parent’s consent.
Eligibility: Based on the data collected and formal assessment results, the 504 committee makes dyslexia and 504 eligibility decisions.
Programs and Services: Classroom Accommodations, A multisensory, structured language instruction in decoding, comprehension, and fluency provided by a trained dyslexia instructor in a small group setting delivered weekly at scheduled times.
The dyslexia program used at School of Science and Technology San Antonio: DIP (Dyslexia Intervention Program)